The Sandstone of Syracuse, also called giuggiulena stone, is a sedimentary rock composed of mainly yellow sand, organogenic limestones, and polygenic gravels, forming marine terraces of various kinds. In Syracuse, the terrace of the first order is represented by a “bench” with yellow gravel and the basal conglomerates and strips of paleosols.
MINERALOGICAL and Petrographic CHARACTERISTICS
limestone or “packstone” Dunham.
Bioclastis scaffold oxidized, medium-high porosity with partial secondary concrete filling.
Ochraceous color by oxidation. Absence of fractures. Carbonate composition 100%
Calcimetry: CACO3 = 100%
Mechanical and physical characteristics
by immersion: 11,6%
by capillarity: 11, 9%
real specific weight: 2740 Kg/mc.
bulk density: from 1630 to 1800 Kg/mc
porosity: 34-40 %
compression resistance: from 85 to 141 Kg/cmq
to saturation: 52 Kg/cmq
bending resistance: from 26 to 71 Kg/cmq
Usage and applications
The Sandstone of Syracuse is highly appreciated for its characteristic surface high in pores and its multicolor that makes it the perfect element for interior design as well as in the lining of inner surfaces of buildings not exposed to any liquids, and also for particular types of flooring.
Lately it has been successfully used in the construction of street furniture.